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Careers in Public Health

Distinctions Between Public Health and Clinical Health Professions

Public Health Clinical Health
Population Individual
Health Disease
Prevention and Health Promotion Diagnosis and Treatment

Public health careers offer something for everyone. Epidemiology and biostatistics involve mathematics and modeling. Environmental health includes a wide range of science skills. Health administration incorporates business and management skills. Health education involves skills required to develop community-wide prevention programs. Health policy includes an understanding of law-making processes.

Perhaps never has there been a more exciting time to pursue a career in public health. Why? Because....

  • Most experts agree that major advances in improvement of health over the next decades will not come from new medical findings or cures, but rather the broader development and application of population-based prevention programs.
  • Health services delivery systems are undergoing rapid change. Greater emphasis is being placed on health promotion and disease prevention as a means to reduce the costs of care by improving the health of our populations. These changes have created a broad array of new opportunities for professionals with advanced training in public health.
  • As the public has become better informed about the effects of toxic wastes and pollutants on their health, greater emphasis is being placed on assuring the safety of our communities as well as worker health and safety. As a result, there is growing demand for experts in environmental health and industrial hygiene.
  • Public health research is focusing more on women's health, and child and substance abuse, and an increased emphasis is being placed on behavioral change to prevent the risk of STDs, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and unplanned pregnancies. Greater emphasis is also being placed on school health and the health of minority and disadvantaged populations.


Pfizer Guide to Careers in Public Health
Click on the following links to learn more about careers in the public health disciplines. [All PDF files]

Health Policy and Management
Academic Policy Advisor
Legislative Policy Advisor
Management Policy Advisor

State Epidemiologist
Research Epidemiologist

Behavioral Science and Health Education
Behavior Scientist
Health Educator
Mental Health Researcher

Health Communications
Communications Specialist

Occupational Safety and Health
Corporate Medical Director

Environmental Health Sciences 
State Environmentalist
Federal Environmentalist

International and Global Health 
Reproductive Health Specialist
International HIV Specialist
Tropical Disease Specialist

Public Health Preparedness and Function
State Epidemiologist
Laboratory Director
Public Health Lawyer

Oral Health

Public Health Dentist

Family Health
Local Health Officer
Nurse Educator

Applying your Degree to Public Health Practice 

Academic Nurse Leader

Topics in Public Health 

Public Health Preparedness
International and Global Health
Health and Behavior

Career Prospects 
The Importance of Partnership in the Public Health System
Practicing Public Health in the Private Sector
Practicing Public Health in a Managed Care Setting
Looking Forward